Not so Happy Holidays: Navigating Stressful Family Interactions

Not so Happy Holidays: Navigating Stressful Family Interactions

For many the holidays are a time of great joy and happiness filled with family connection and celebration. However, the holidays can also trigger feelings of sadness or loneliness when your family isn’t so happy or you don’t really have a place to return to that feels like home. Many of us dread going home and the awkward family dynamics that are inevitably evoked when everyone is under one roof. So why are the holidays difficult for so many of us?

  1. Old habits die hard: When we return to our families of origin, we fall back into old patterns of interaction. These patterns may be familiar, but frequently lead to unhealthy relational dynamics. Often, this happens without conscious awareness and by the time we realize it has happened, we are already stuck in the old family pattern.
  2. The family battle ground: For some of us preparing for a holiday with our family means mentally and emotionally preparing ourselves to walk into a potential minefield of pain. I often hear this from my adult clients who are returning home to interact with emotionally abusive or mentally ill parents and/or siblings during the holidays. When home is not a peaceful and supportive place, holiday gatherings are often met with mixed feelings or dread.
  3. Expectations: During the holidays we are bombarded with images of and expectations for the perfect Christmas, Thanksgiving, family gathering etc. This sets us up for disappointment and stress when we feel pressured to conform to these ideals from family, friends, or the media.
  4. Awkward questions: Family holiday gatherings often bring with them awkward questions such as: When are you getting married?, How’s your job going?, When are you going to have children?, etc. Additionally, family members may ask questions about your identity, or the ways in which you have changed since being away from home, which can create uncomfortable situations we would rather avoid.

What you can do:

  1. Be kind to yourself/practice self-compassion: Everyone falls into old patterns when interacting with family, so don’t be so hard on yourself if you realize this has happened to you. Realizing you’ve fallen into an old habit is your opportunity to decide how you want to respond from that point forward (e.g. Is there a new behavior, action, or response that you would rather try? Do you need to excuse yourself and take a break from the situation?).
  2. Remind yourself that it is only temporary: Going home for the holidays or spending time with family typically lasts anywhere from 1 day to a couple of weeks. Reminding yourself that the situation is not permanent can help create a sense of agency and control in the midst of an uncomfortable situation.
  3. De-stress and embrace realistic expectations: Try not to get caught up in the expectations and ideals of a perfect holiday or family. Despite what TV and social media tend to portray, life is messy and imperfect. Embrace realistic expectations, and do not allow yourself to get consumed with thoughts of the perfect family or holiday at the expense of enjoying the time you have with your actual family and friends. Look for things to appreciate about what you currently have, rather than comparing your life to others.
  4. Give yourself permission to take breaks: Make a plan for what you can do to help calm yourself down or recharge if things get to feel too overwhelming. For example, try taking a walk, deep breathing, calling a friend, running an errand, or going for a drive.
  5. Give yourself permission to set boundaries: It’s okay to advocate for yourself and your needs. Boundaries can be implemented in a variety of domains (e.g. time, interactions, physical space, and emotions). For example, you may set an interactional boundary when asked an uncomfortable question by saying, “I would rather not talk about it,”  or “I’m not comfortable discussing that.” Or you might set a time boundary by telling your family that this year you are doing Christmas morning at home with your kids, then will come over later that afternoon to celebrate with the family.
  6. When possible, give your family the benefit of the doubt: Sometimes family members continue interacting with us in ways we do not like because they genuinely do not know that their behavior is problematic or offensive to us. Practice appropriate assertiveness and consider telling them if something they are doing is hurtful or problematic.
  7. Find an ally: A sibling, relative, spouse, or partner who is supportive and understanding can make all the difference when entering difficult family situations. Having an ally can help serve as a buffer and can help you decompress after challenging interactions by having someone safe to talk to or get support from when needed.

I Just Can’t Adult Right Now

I Just Can’t Adult Right Now: 5 Reasons the Ages of 18-35 are Uniquely Challenging and What to do About it

Reasons why the ages of 18-35 are a uniquely challenging time:

  1. The ages of 18-35 are when most people are making major life decisions about career, romantic partners, starting a family, etc. Big decisions or life transitions frequently result in increased stress.
  2. Identity becomes a central focus. These early adult years are often when people are trying to figure out and solidify who they are, who they want to be, and how to be comfortable in their own skin.
  3. Often during the ages of 18-35, people begin to question the values they were raised with and clarify what they believe. This can lead to feelings of uncertainty and disorientation as well as conflict with family members who perhaps hold differing values or worldviews regarding religion, politics, and/or relationships.
  4. So much pressure! When you’re 18-35 it’s common to feel the pressure to prove yourself and it’s easy to get caught up in making comparisons between yourself and your peers. This can frequently result in a lack of contentment and feelings of inadequacy or shame.
  5. Expectations are either fulfilled or disappointed. The ages of 18-35 are often when we realize that parts our lives have not turned out the way we always thought they would. For example, you might be 30 and single when you thought you would be married. Or, you might be in college or graduate school and feeling disappointed because it is not what you thought it would be socially or academically. These unfulfilled or disappointed expectations can often lead to feelings of disillusionment as well as depression or anxiety.

What to do if you are struggling:

  1. Embrace your community – Join a group or team activity. Reach out to peers and family. If you are religious, connect with others from your faith. Find others with similar struggles who can support and encourage you. If you are a college student, your university might offer a group for individuals with similar struggles. No one can do this alone, we need each other when life gets hard.
  2. Turn to your religion/spirituality – For many this is a central aspect of making sense of life’s hardships. Putting them in perspective, coping, and connecting with something greater than one’s self can really help.
  3. Reduce anxiety/stress – This is always easier said than done, but is central to being resilient in the midst of difficulties. Try mindfulness meditation, yoga, aerobic exercise, deep breathing, therapy, etc.
  4. Realize life is a process and exercise gratitude– Don’t miss out on the joys of today simply because your life does not match your expectations! Try to find things to be grateful for rather than constantly focusing on the negative or things that are not going well. Gratitude has been shown to significantly reduce depressive symptoms and have a lasting impact on happiness.
  5. Patience – Give yourself time to engage in the identity formation process. Despite how it might feel, you don’t have to decide right away exactly who you are and what you are going to do with your life. Sometimes when we take the pressure off of ourselves, clarity and contentment follow.
  6. Ask yourself “who says?”: We place unreasonable expectations on ourselves for a variety of reasons. Often when we slow down and ask ourselves, “Where did that expectation come from, and who says I have to do or be that?” we realize that the pressure is either internal (often connected to our view of ourselves and prior expectations placed on us by others), or assumed though not directly stated by significant others in our lives (e.g. we assume our parents would be disappointed in us if we got a bad grade, or we assume our spouse will think we are bad providers if we don’t earn more money, etc.)
  7. Seek help – As previously mentioned, no one is able to manage all of life’s difficulties on their own and we all need additional support sometimes. So if life feels too challenging and you find yourself spiraling into negativity, depression, or frequent stress and anxiety, consider seeing a therapist for some additional support.
Burnout Stress

The Slow Burn to Burnout and What You Can Do About It

The Slow burn to Burnout and What You Can Do About It

Do you ever feel so stressed that something you once loved and were passionate about now feels like a heavy burden? Maybe you are even questioning your chosen career or academic path because it’s not what you expected and you find yourself dreading the work. Perhaps things have gotten so bad that you are feeling constantly behind, and worry that no matter how hard you try, you can never be sufficiently productive or catch up. If you resonate with these statements, there is a good chance you may be experiencing burnout.

Not surprisingly, burnout is one of the most common concerns I hear about from my clients who are graduate students and early career professionals. Burnout often affects high achievers and highly competent individuals because they believe they can or should be able to “do it all”. More is often asked of high achievers because of their past competency or the confidence that others have in their abilities. If you are good at what you do, chances are others will give you more responsibility, and you may feel they expect you to be good at everything.

Burnout isn’t something that happens suddenly. It has a tendency to gradually sneak up on people after prolonged or chronic stress. Our bodies can only sustain high levels of stress for a limited amount of time before we are significantly impacted. Our internal resources, such as the ability to focus, sustain attention, and emotionally regulate ourselves during stressful situations are limited resources that are easily drained when stress consumes us. In fact, stress tends to occur when the demands that are placed on us exceed our resources to manage those demands. Thus, we have two options for responding to burnout, we can either decrease the demands that are being placed on us or increase our coping resources for managing the stress of those demands. Often, both responses are needed to effectively reduce burnout and reclaim a sense of balance and enjoyment in the workplace. Below are some practical strategies to help you manage feelings of burnout:

7 ways to cope with burnout:

  1. Embrace reasonable expectations for yourself and let go of perfectionism.
  2. Learn to say no and set boundaries– For many hardworking and high achieving individuals, saying no can be difficult. There are often fears of disappointing others or being perceived negatively as a result of saying no, which hinder a person’s ability to set appropriate limits when feeling overwhelmed. This inability to say no and set healthy boundaries frequently perpetuates the cycle of burnout.
  3. Prioritize self-care – Your needs and your health matter! Many students and professionals will work long hours, skip meals and breaks, get insufficient sleep, and withdraw from physical and social activities in order to be more productive. However, productivity, work quality, and creativity all suffer when we do not take the time to rest and take care of our physical and emotional needs.
  4. Ask for and accept help – We all need help sometimes. Learning to utilize your resources (e.g. tutors/mentors, therapists, supervisors, coworkers, peers, department of human resources) and embracing your limits can often free up emotional and intellectual resources, allowing you to feel less stressed and less isolated.
  5. Cut out unnecessary tasks/roles – if you feel you are doing too much, clarify what is actually necessary and a priority for you, then find ways to delegate or withdraw from obligations that are not truly necessary or consistent with your priorities.
  6. Learn to accept and embrace failure – Failure is a common and even necessary part of the human experience and plays an important role in the creative process. However, embracing our limits and not letting a fear of failure control us, can be very difficult and often requires looking at the fear associated with the failure and exploring the perceived consequences to a person’s image, career, or relationships if they were to fail. Therapy can be helpful in both understanding these fears and overcoming them.
  7. Use your support resources – friends, family, religious groups, etc. Our tendency is to withdraw from those who care about us when we feel overwhelmed, when in fact, those relationships are central to managing life’s difficulties.